Painkiller detoxification refers to treatment process to stop an individual who has been an addict to painkiller from taking the drug. When a drug addict wants to undergo the rehabilitation process, he or she needs to go through three main stages, these include, evaluation stage, stabilization stage and guiding a patient into treatment. The main activities that occur in the evaluation stage includes testing the patient to see the specific substances that are presently circulating in their bloodstream and the amount as well as looking for potential co-occurring disorders, dual diagnosis, and mental/behavioral issues. In the stabilization stage, the patient gets to know what to expect during the treatment process; however, the use of medication is optional. In the last stage, the patient is guided through the treatment process.
Painkiller are mostly used by people when they are in pain to lower the pain as they wait to receive proper treatment. The painkiller have the ability to lower pains due to their interaction with opioid receptors in the brain that results in a down-modification of the sensations of pain. Study shows that the use of painkillers has increased over the last decade, and the number is continuing to increase. It is recommended for people who are addicted to painkillers to seek immediate treatment options. During the detoxification process, it is vital for patients to keep in mind that the process is not a walk in the park and that they will encounter challenges. Suppose one has been abusing painkillers, they may become dependent on the drug, essentially one may begin to need the drug every time so as to feel better. Painkillers addicts are mostly faced with withdrawal syndrome which makes them hard to stop using the drug. Painkillers affect people differently, for instance, the extent to which one may feel the withdrawal syndrome may differ from the level that another person may fell the effect; also the frequency and the use of the drug plays a major role.
Painkiller addicts may feel the withdrawal syndromes in the early stage and the late stage. Some of the early withdrawal symptoms include, insomnia, yawning, muscle aches, agitation, anxiety, and sweating. Some of the late signs of painkiller withdrawal include, vomiting, nausea, dilated pupils, diarrhea, and abdominal cramping.
Medics do recommend the use of the following medicines in the painkiller detoxification process, these include Naloxone, Naltrexone , Buprenorphine , and Methadone. Both methadone and buprenorphine are vital since they activates the brain’s opioid receptors.
Other than medication therapies, patients can also be taken through behavioral therapies that address the users incentive to start and continue using substances. The main factors that influence the type of treatment to use include, patient preference, the treatment center type as well as the treatment center philosophy.